SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Solid Waste Strategies
Solid waste strategies are
being developed for the four Governorates. Current waste practices and
characteristics are evaluated and priorities identified. Engaging communities,
strengthening organizational structures, selecting appropriate technology,
addressing implementation costs and identifying cost recovery options are
just some of the integral components of the strategies.
Solid Waste Manuals:
waste management strategy, Governorate of Dakahleya
waste management strategy, Governorate of Sohag
Solid Waste Management
Solid waste demonstration
projects were undertaken in Sohag and Dakahleya to address priority issues
that had been identified in the waste strategies. Four demonstration projects
were implemented covering areas of waste collection, transfer and disposal,
maintenance, dumpsite remediation, recycling and composting. In all cases
solutions were sought that:
As a result of the demonstration
Are practical and affordable.
Improved the efficiency of previous
Adapted the most cost effective
technology to suit the purpose.
Strengthened local capacity.
Developed local manufacturing
Addressed sustainability issues.
Involved the community.
A further 10 demonstration projects
are being developed in the areas of health care waste, privatization of
municipal waste services, sanitary landfilling, workshop maintenance and
regional solid waste management.
23,000 tons of municipal waste
are collected each year.
45,000 tons of waste each year
are recycled and converted to compost rather than being disposed to dumpsites.
115,000 people living in four
low income urban and rural communities in Sohag and Dakahleya Governorate
now benefit from improved waste collection and disposal services.
Fires extinguished, odour and
litter minimised at 2 municipal solid waste dumpsites.
and Disposal, Sohag City
An integrated waste collection,
transfer and disposal system has been introduced in two low income areas
serving about 40% of the population of Sohag City. Apart from providing
suitable collection equipment, the project also addresses upgrading of
the maintenance workshops and remediation of the dumpsite. Analysis
of costs and a charging system to enable cost recovery has been addressed.
Community involvement and awareness has been an integral part of this project
during both the design and implementation stages.
El-Kawther Industrial Estate
A waste collection
system has been provided for the El-Kawther Industrial Estate and surrounding
residential areas. The equipment will cater for an increase in waste
generation at this rapidly expanding industrial estate. Paper and plastic
recycling equipment has been included.
150 tpd Compost Plant,
A 150 ton per day municipal
solid waste composting plant has been constructed at Mansoura to treat
waste from the City and surrounding environs. The SEAM project and
the Governorate of Dakahleya jointly financed the plant, designed by SEAM.
Total cost for plant, equipment and construction was LE2.4 million, significantly
cheaper than similar size plants built elsewhere in Egypt. Construction
time was 7 months. The quality of the compost is good and is presently
sold as a conditioner for land reclamation schemes. Dry recyclables are
also recovered and sold.
Disposal Site, Mansoura
The smoke, odour and litter
problems of the old burning waste tip at Mansoura were addressed through
a three-month remediation programme. Fires were extinguished, controlled
tipping practice was introduced and the burnt out areas were levelled and
covered with soil. It is intended that the Govemorate will convert this
area into a public park for nearby residents.
Three projects addressing
solid waste at a village/community level have been undertaken. Collection
equipment has been purpose designed and communities have been mobilised
in collection and clean-up campaigns.