CONTENTS

PREFACE[ PDF: 177Kb | 14 Page ]

A. The SEAM Project - An Introduction
B. The Industrial Pollution Prevention/Cleaner Production Component
C. Industrial Pollution Prevention/Cleaner Production Documents
1.0 INTRODUCTION[ PDF: 177Kb | 14 Page ]
1.1 Cleaner Production - Concept and Definition
1.2 The Benefits of Cleaner Production
1.3 SEAM Project in the Textile Industry
1.4 Factories Participating in the SEAM Project
1.5 SEAM Demonstration Projects
PART A - THE TEXTILE SECTOR[ PDF: 224Kb | 26 Page ]

2.0 The Egyptian Textile Industry

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Textile Manufacturing Companies
2.3 Production in the Sector
2.4 Export of Egyptian Textiles
2.5 GATT and Egyptian Export Markets
3.0 Textile Manufacturing Processes
3.1 Processing of Cotton Based Textiles
3.1.1 Spinning
3.1.2 Knitting
3.1.3 Weaving
3.1.4 Wet Processing
3.1.5 Commonly Used Wet Processing Equipment
3.1.6 Summary of Operating Conditions
3.2 Wool Processing
4.0 The Textile Industry and its Effect on the Environment
4.1 Wastewater Generation
4.1.1 Pollution from Wet Processing Steps
4.1.2 Pollution Specific to Processed Fibres
4.1.2 Processing of Wool and Blends
4.1.3 Processing of Synthetic Fibres
4.2 Air Emissions
4.3 Solid Wastes
4.4 Waste Management Practices
4.5 Effects of Major Process Chemicals on Human Health


PART B - CLEANER PRODUCTION AND THE SEAM PROJECT[ PDF: 1.63MB | 38 Page ]

5.0 Cleaner Production Audits

5.1 Introduction - What is a Cleaner Production Audit?
5.2 Carrying out an Industrial Audit: A Step by Step Description
5.3 Sampling and Analytical Requirements
5.4 Sustaining and Developing Cleaner Production
6.0 Cleaner Production Options Identified through SEAM
6.1 Good Housekeeping Measures
6.2 Energy Conservation Measures
6.3 Water Conservation Measures
6.3.1 Flow Reduction
6.3.2 Water Reuse
6.3.3 Improved Washing Technologies
6.4 Process Specific Options
6.4.1 Raw Wool Processing
6.4.2 Spinning and Weaving
6.4.3 Desizing
6.4.4 Scouring
6.4.5 Bleaching
6.4.6 Mercerising
6.4.7 Dyeing
6.4.8 Printing
6.4.9 Finishing
6.5 Optimising Process Chemical Use
6.6 Chemical Substitution
6.7 Technology Change and Modification
6.7.1 Shortening the Processing Time
6.7.2 Combination of Separate Processes
6.7.3 Cold-Pad Batch Techniques
6.7.4 Lower Temperature Dyeing, Printing or Finishing
6.7.5 Low Wet Pick-up Technology
6.7.6 Use of Heat Exchangers
6.7.7 Radio Frequency Technique
6.7.8 Computer Technology
6.7.9 Solar Energy
6.8 Adoption of Worker Training Programs
7.0 Cleaner Production Demonstration Projects
7.1 The SEAM Project Approach
7.2 The Aim of Implementing Demonstration Projects
7.3 Identification of Demonstration Projects
7.4 Demonstration Project Implementation Strategy
7.4.1 Housekeeping Initiatives
7.4.2 Process-based Initiatives
7.4.3 Product-based Initiatives
7.4.4 Selection of Factories for Demonstration Project Implementation
7.4.5 Plants Selected for Implementation
7.4.6 Project Concept Notes (PCNs)
7.5 Overview of Demonstration Projects
7.6 Outputs from the Demonstration Projects
PART C - SUSTAINING CLEANER PRODUCTION[ PDF: 101Kb | 12 Page ]

8.0 Cleaner Production Issues in Egypt

8.1 Barriers to CP Adoption in Egypt
8.1.1 Economic Barriers
8.1.2 Technical Barriers
8.1.3 Cultural Barriers
8.1.4 Quality Considerations
8.1.5 Information Dissemination
8.2 Overcoming Barriers to Cleaner Production Implementation
8.2.1 Economic Factors
8.2.2 Technical Factors
8.2.3 Cultural Factors8.3 Promotional Strategies for Adopting CP in Egypt
8.3  Promotional Strategies for Adopting CP in Egypt
8.3.1 Policy Options
8.3.2 Capacity Building and Technical Assistance
8.3.3 Impact of the SEAM Demonstration Projects
REFERENCES

APPENDICES[ PDF: 231Kb | 30 Page ]

Appendix 1 Statistics on the Main Resources of a Large Sample of Textile Companies
Appendix 2 Major Export Companies and their Main Products
Appendix 3 Process Flow Diagrams for Wool Processing
Appendix 4 Process Effluents: Impacts of Hazardous Substances used in Textile Production
Appendix 5 Summary of Relevant Environmental Legislation
Appendix 6 Industrial Audit Checklist
Appendix 7 Shortlisted SEAM Demonstration Projects
Appendix 8 Case Studies Produced by the SEAM Project