|The system is now working well and the Sohag
Markaz has taken responsibility for its ongoing maintenance. This will
include line maintenance and use of vacuum tankers to empty septic tanks.
Levelling the sewage pipelines
As a result of the social survey an awareness
raising campaign was undertaken which covered the following:
A series of public meetings were held with the villagers
to discuss the sanitation system and to raise general awareness on the
need for improved sanitation.
Awareness raising material was developed with the
Sohag Directorate of Health.
Ra’idat, or health promoters, were trained
on environmental health issues.
Ra’idat worked with the community to raise
environmental health awareness.
Local Government unit made door-to-door visits regarding
household connections and to discuss usage of the system.
Awareness booklet produced with
Directorate of Health
The table below shows that the capital expenditures
for this scheme are LE153,530, which amounts to LE1,335 per household connected.
The total capital and operating costs of the scheme are LE159,530.
Based on the financial model used for a similar
sanitation project at Naga El-Deir village, an approximate annualised capital
and operating costs of the scheme is about LE26,188. This is equivalent
to LE228 per household per annum or LE19 per household per month.
(115 households connected)
Cost (LE) per Household
design and topographic survey
and materials - PVC pipes, inspection manholes, cast iron covers, septic
tanks, toilets, brickwork, cement, aggregates, etc.
capital costs – approximate over 15 years at 10% real discount rate.
and operating costs
From the social survey, 79% of respondents indicated
a willingness to contribute to the maintenance of the system.
The project was designed to be sustainable in
the following ways:
The involvement of the local village council, the
markaz and the community in different stages of the project and their financial
contributions had generated a high level of ‘ownership’.
The Markaz has taken responsibility for the ongoing
The local villagers expressed a willingness to pay
The sanitation system is relatively low-cost to maintain
and appropriate for the local circumstances.
Raised awareness on environmental health issues and
use of the system.
It is estimated that around 150 villages in Sohag
Governorate are not connected to a sewerage system. The scheme could be
replicated in many of these villages however one would need to consider
the proximity to an existing or planned sewerage network. Topographical
constraints may also limit application of the gravity feed system whereby
households will need to be higher than the optimum position for the septic
In replicating this project points to keep in
Involve the community and local authorities, as they
are often willing to contribute to achieve an improved system.
Educate the community on the correct use of the system
to avoid blockages caused by solid waste disposal.
Ensure system is working properly before connecting
Maintain constant supervision of contractors to ensure
all works are done in accordance with the contract specifications.