A community-based service has been initiated with about 80% of the residents participating in the scheme. The service presently operates at close to break even after allowing for depreciation of the equipment provided by SEAM. There is excess capacity within the system and as additional households are attracted into the scheme then the extra income will help consolidate the financial position. It will be important to strengthen management of the collection and ensure that workers provide a level of service that will satisfy the residents who are paying for it.

The system has been well received by the Governorate who report that similar schemes have since been established in five other areas using the normal box trailers. At least nine other CDAs visited the Gedelah waste collection project in the first half of 1998 and residents from the surrounding areas have requested a similar service.

The Governorate is also replicating the basic design of the low loading trailer. Indications are that another 50 will be purchased for use in other villages.


  • Implementation of a community based waste collection service, adapted to the needs of residents.
  • 80% participation of the community in paying the monthly fee.
  • Improved environmental conditions with positive effects on public health.
  • Increased environmental awareness among residents.
  • Employment opportunities developed, with 15 jobs created.
  • Capacity-building of the Gedelah CDA.


More information on this project and the SEAM Project, are available from:

  • Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), Technical Co-operation Office for the Environment (TCOE) 

  • 30 Misr Helwan Agricultural Road
    5th floor, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tel.: (20) 2 525 6452 Fax: (20) 2 525 6457

  • SEAM Project/Entec UK Ltd.

  • 30 Misr Helwan Agricultural Road
    4th floor, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tel.: (20) 2 525 6452 Fax: (20) 2 349 9795

  • Dakahleya Governorate

  • Mansoura City
    Tel.: (20) 50 312 535 Fax: 093 605222

    March 1999

The SEAM Project
Support for Environmental Assessment and Management (SEAM), is a multi-disciplinary environmental project being funded by Britain's Department for International Development (DFID).
This project is being implemented by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) through the technical Co-operation Office for the Environmental (TCOE) and Entec, a UK engineering and environmental consultancy.

Governorate Environmental Action Plans
Part of the SEAM Project focused or regional environmental management with the preparation of Governorate Environmental Action Plans (GEAPs) for the governorates of Dakahleya in Lower Egypt and Sohag in Upper Egypt. The process involved extensive community participation which proved invaluable in raising awareness and in incorporating people's views in a forward plan of action.
In the GEAPs, priority areas for environmental action were identified, objectives and ten years targets (1997-2007) agreed, and policies and programs developed to address the priority issues. Actions Were designed to be practical and affordable.
An Environmental Management and Planning System has been developed to strengthen the organizational structures and processes necessary to sustain GEAP actions. Community based actions are an integral part of this system.

Community Environmental Projects
Support has been provide to local communities taking environmental action that address the priority issues of the GEAPs. A total of 14 projects has been undertaken in the following areas:

  • Sanitation - six projects in villages, hospitals and schools
  • NGO capacity-building
  • Environmental curriculum for literacy classes
  • Village solid waste collection - two projects
  • Clean-up and beatification in four villages
  • Environmental awareness - two projects
  • Student environment competition
Benefits of CEPs
  • Improved sanitation and waste collection services
  • Enhanced community environmental awareness
  • Communities participating in, and contributing to, their own environmental actions
  • Improved local environmental conditions and public health
  • Strengthened environmental capacities of NGOs and local governmental organizations
  • Developed community and Governorate partnerships for environmental actions