As part of the Dakahleya Governorate Environmental
Action Plan, extensive consultation showed that the community ranked solid
waste management as the highest environmental priority requiring attention.
In addition, mobilising community resources and encouraging community-based
actions is considered to be an integral part of the Action Plan for improving
A community based action to address a local solid
waste problem was proposed by the Society for the Development of the Community
of Gedelah. This Society is an active Community Development Association
(CDA) that indicated the community?s willingness to contribute to the costs
of sustaining an improved solid waste service.
Gedelah is a village of around 50,000 people in
the East District of Mansoura. Support was provided by SEAM to establish
a community based solid waste collection service in a lower income area,
initially covering around 1,600 households.
PROBLEMS WITH PREVIOUS WASTE COLLECTION
A social survey undertaken in the area indicated
that 78% of residents were dissatisfied with the previous waste collection
service and 59% considered their streets dirty. Problems cited were waste
accumulation in the streets, infrequent collection service and lack of
The high loading height of the box trailers required
workers to lift waste above their heads into the container. As a result
they struggled with heavy loads and in addition, waste frequently spilled
back over the workers, which posed a health risk. These issues were addressed
in designing new equipment.
Introducing A Community Based Waste
From the outset community views were solicited
on how to improve the waste collection system. A social survey was undertaken
of 349 randomly selected establishments, of which 291 were households and
58 were non-households (shops, workshops, street vendors and clinics).
Twelve volunteers from the CDA, who were given some training on interview
techniques prior to commencement, undertook the survey.
Of the respondents, 30% were male and 70% female.
Monthly household incomes were generally less than LE500 with 35% below
LE250. Average household size was 5.
Some key findings were:
6% previously received a door-to-door collection
36% preferred waste to be collected in plastic bags.
23% preferred waste collection between 8.00-10.00am;
31% favoured 4.00-6.00pm.
88% were willing to pay for an improved service.
70% preferred a monthly charge of less than LE2.50;
average for all was LE2.25.
21% dumped waste on vacant land.