Bardees is a rural village located in El Balliana
Markaz in the southern part of Sohag Governorate. Population is around
40,000 with a high proportion of low income families. Bardees had been
trying to deal with a growing waste problem with old equipment in poor
As part of the Sohag Governorate Environmental
Action Plan solid waste issues had been ranked by the community as the
number one priority requiring attention. In response to a request to assist
the community of Bardees, support was provided through SEAM to improve
the waste collection system. Community participation has been an integral
part of the project.
Previously, waste collection was undertaken using
two old Belarus tractors with box trailers having a high loading height
and limited capacity of 2.5 m3. Most of the wastes for collection are in
loose heaps which are loaded into baskets and then lifted into the trailer.
Waste is transported to a small disposal
site about 4 km away.
Concerns and issues that arose were:
Inadequate equipment in poor condition.
Existing trailers have limited capacity with a high
loading height of 1.9 m. Workers are required to load the trailer above
their heads resulting in unhygienic waste spillage.
Insufficient coverage - only 11% of residents in
the smaller streets claimed they received a service. Service in main streets
was much better.
Community satisfaction of waste collection service
is low, with only a 15% approval rating among households and 45% approval
rating among non-households.
36% of residents regarded their streets as dirty.
Lack of community awareness and involvement.
Waste characteristics and community views At the
outset, an assessment was made of the waste characteristics and community’s
views were sought on how to improve the waste collection system.
The waste for collection was found to be 60-70%
ash and dirt. Residents tend to use organics for animal feed and recycle
any materials of value. Common disposal practices, by residents, of the
remaining waste are:
61% burn wastes in oven
30% put waste in collection vehicle
25% dump in nearby empty area
8% throw in canal
7% collected by door to door cleansing workers
Presumably in view of the way in which waste is
disposed, only 9% of households were interested in segregating their waste
prior to disposal.
On the preferred mechanism of waste collection,
72% favoured collection in bins and 28% in plastic bags. Over 66% of households
and 89% of shops preferred to have their waste collected between 8:00-10:00