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Touristic Zones Development

Tourism Development and Sustainable Development Goals

The topic deals with definition of sustainable tourism and its contribution as a path towards achieving the SDGs, whether directly or indirectly, for better lives of present and future generations.

Environmental Planning

Environmental Planning is the kind of planning which produces through its operations an integrated plans with environmental dimension, it is not only producing environmental plans which aim directly at protecting the environment and conserving the natural resources, but also produces other types of plans that take into account the environmental dimension. Thus, environmental planning may include purely environmental projects such as (rehabilitation of polluted river project, project of conserving threatened animals with extinction danger, the project of establishing an environmental monitoring plant), and it may include environmental development projects (such as eco-tourism projects, waste recycling project), and also it may include a pure development projects (such as the construction of cement plant), but such a project can be within the environmental planning framework when studying the environmental impact assessment and redesign it in a way that reduces its impacts on the environment to zero or less than the possible grades.
Environmental planning is defined as a new concept and approach that evaluates the development plans through environmental perspective, or in other words it is the planning that governs primarily the environmental dimension and the expected environmental impacts for the development plans for the foreseeable and the unforeseeable future. It is the planning that cares about capacities or environmental load in a way that the development projects ambitions do not exceed and environmental critical limit, a limit that we should not stop on, or we should not transgress it, in order not to have a contrary results that may damage the outcomes of development plans.

The Economic Importance of Environmental Planning

  • The environmental planning through addressing the environmental problems and evaluation of the various projects, will lead to creating a healthy and safe environment, where individuals are healthy away from the pressures of environmental problems, therefore those individuals are more capable to work and produce, which leads to economic growth, it also reduces the expenditure incurred on health medication.
  • The environmental planning leads to stopping the depletion of natural resources and its rational use, and there is no doubt that it has an economic benefits.
  • The application of the principles upon which environmental planning is based on will lead to achieving economic savings. For example, to achieve the principle of prevention is better than cure, it requires the preparation of environmental impact assessment studies for new projects, in order to recognize the environmental damage to avoid it in advance and thus avoid financial expenses that are required to meet those damages. The principle of self-reliance will help to achieve economic savings; it will lead to depending on local expertise and techniques rather than spending large sums of money to import foreign expertise and technology. As well as for the principle of Back- To- Nature, that relies on natural environmental low price solutions.
  • Environmental planning pays special attention to energy efficiency and reducing lose of them, that leads to the achievement of economic savings. In addition to searching for alternative renewable energy sources to creates economic opportunities.
  • Environmental planning will also include projects with economic revenues, and the best example of these projects is the projects of waste recycling. Instead of waste disposal and to bear financial expenses and negative environmental impacts waste disposal will be dealt as an economic resource that will produce many products.

How Does the Environmental Planning Contribute to Expanding the Economic Opportunities for Young People

  • When applying the proper environmental planning in one country, the young people in this country will enjoy living in a clean and healthy environment, and thus they will be free from environmental pollution associated diseases, and hence these young people will be more capable to work and improve their economic level.
  • The success of environmental planning in achieving its goal in conserving natural resources and not depleting it and achieving its rational use, it will lead to providing the natural resources for young people to use it in building and strengthening economic abilities, and in contrary when environmental planning is absent natural resources will be depleted:
    • Developing an additional tourist patterns depending on sustainable tourism.
    • The continuous development for sustainable tourism standards to be in line with international standards.
    • Putting natural resource conservation within the tourism industry priorities
    • Maximizing the role of the private sector and the business sector to bear the investment burden in new tourist areas.
    • Depending on the national product of goods and services whenever possible.
    • Developing a mechanism for solving investment problems in tourism sector.
    • Preparing an integrated programs to protect the Nile River and coastal areas as a result of tourists flow .
    • Spreading tourism awareness among citizens.

The Protection of Natural Environmental Resources and Nature Conservation

1- Sustainable use of water:
  • The introduction of integrated management of water resources and the rationalization of water uses.
  • Increasing sewage water treatment.
  • Encouraging the participation and contributions of the private sector in investment projects, especially drinking water projects and re-using of treated sewage water.
  • Encouraging the projects of water recycling.
  • Increasing the responsibility of users and increasing their sense of Projects ownership (through their participation in the management and ownership of water and sanitation facilities).
  • Decentralization of the executive responsibilities of the Ministry of Water Resources and irrigation.
  • Controlling pollution as one of the integrated management dimension of water.
  • Activating the role of National Water Council to ensure coordination between policies and programs and to support laws that improve application and compliance.
  • Applying the principle of polluter must pay principle.
  • Enhancing Cooperation among Nile Basin countries to achieve desired economic and social development from River Nile water.

2- The optimal use of energy resources:
  • The optimal use of available resources of oil, natural gas and mineral resources.
  • Developing strategy for energy sector in Egypt including traditional, new and renewable resources.
  • Providing infrastructure necessary for CDM projects that generate economic profits.
  • Improving energy efficiency production in power plants generation.
  • Increasing generation capabilities from the available resources such as wind farms, solar energy, nuclear energy) in addition to gas-powered plants.
  • Expanding the use of energy-saving technology such as combined cycle technology in the production of electric power because of its high thermal efficiency.
  • Conducting studies of environmental impact assessment and application of environmental conservation standards in power generation plants.
  • Improving efficiency of electricity transmission, distribution and reducing the loss of the national grid and the expansion of high-efficiency appliances and energy saving bulbs.
  • Promoting the expanding of using high-efficiency appliances and energy saving bulbs.
  • Activating the role of the Supreme Council of Energy.

3- Conservation of biodiversity level:
  • Achieving popular participation in biodiversity conservation Programs.
  • Improving scientific and technical capabilities in biodiversity conservation and natural resources in development areas.
  • Developing the National capacities for biodiversity conservation.
  • Make biodiversity as a tool for the development of natural resources in favor for the public development plans.
  • Implementing obligations towards international covenants and conventions.
  • Supporting the legislative rules and promoting economic and social incentives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of natural resources.
  • Mobilization of national efforts for biodiversity conservation to ensure its continuity and the optimal use of its components.