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Arabic Version of Law No. 4

EXECUTIVE REGULATION
OF
LAW NUMBER 4 FOR 1994
EGYPT



CHAPTER II
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE


Article 29:
It is prohibited to construct any establishment for the purpose of treating hazardous waste except with a license issued by the competent governorate after consulting the EEAA, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Labor and Manpower, and the ministry concerned with the type of waste according to the provisions of Article (25) of these Executive Regulations, after ensuring that such establishment satisfies all the conditions which guarantee the safety of the environment and the staff employed thereat. Disposal of hazardous waste shall be effected in accordance with the conditions and criteria prescribed in Article (28) of these Executive Regulations.

The Minister of Housing, after consulting the ministries of Health and Industry and the EEAA, shall determine the locations and conditions for the disposal of hazardous waste.

Article 30:
It is prohibited to import hazardous waste or to allow its entry into or passage through the territory of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

It is prohibited, without a license from the competent administrative department in the Ministry of Maritime Transport or in the Suez Canal Authority, each within the scope of its competence, to allow the passage of ships carrying hazardous waste, in the Territorial Sea or the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Arab Republic of Egypt, provided the EEAA is notified withal.


Article 31:
Those in charge of the production or displacement of hazardous substances, whether in their gaseous, liquid or solid states, shall take all due precautions to ensure the non occurrence of any environmental damage, and shall be held in particular to observe the following:

(A) That the site on which such substances are to be produced or stored is selected with due regard to the conditions prescribed according to the type and quantity of those substances.

(B) That the design of the buildings inside which hazardous substances are to be produced or stored conforms to the engineering standards to be observed for each type of such substances, as determined by a decree to be issued by the Minister of Housing after consulting the EEAA. The said buildings shall be subject to periodic inspections by the licensing administrative body.

(C) That the conditions prescribed in respect of the means of transport or the storage sites of such substances are provided so as to guarantee that no harm shall come to the environment or to the health of employees or citizens.

(D) That the technology and equipment used in the production of such substances shall not result in damage to the establishment, the environment or harm to the staff. 

(E) That buildings shall be adequately fitted out with safety, alarm, protection, combat, fire-fighting and first aid systems and equipment, in the numbers and quantities determined by the Minister of Labor and Manpower after consulting the EEAA, the Ministry of Health and the Civil Defense Department in coordination with the competent administrative authority.

(F) That an emergency plan is in place to confront any potential accidents which may occur during the production, storage, transportation or handling of such substances, provided the plan is reviewed and approved by the licensing authority after consulting the EEAA and the Civil Defense Department.

(G) That staff in these establishments are subjected to periodic medical checkups and that they are treated for any vocational diseases at the expense of the establishment by which they are employed.

(H) That establishments producing hazardous substances insure their workers for the amounts to be determined by a decree from the Minister of Manpower in coordination with the Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs, after consulting the EEAA and the Ministry of Health, provided the amounts of the insurance take into account the degree of danger to which each category of workers is exposed inside each productive unit.

(I) That workers handling such substances are informed of the dangers involved and of the necessary precautions to be taken when handling them, that they are fully aware of all this information and that they have received adequate training in this regard.

(J) That the inhabitants of the regions surrounding the sites where hazardous substances are produced or handled are informed of the possible dangers of these substances and the method of facing such dangers, and that they are familiar with the alarm systems to be used in case of an accident and with the procedures to be followed on its occurrence.

(K) Establishments producing and handling hazardous substances are held to compensate citizens injured in the locations surrounding the production or storage sites for injuries caused by accidents resulting from these activities or from harmful emissions or leakages therefrom. Those assigned to the production and handling of hazardous substances shall submit an annual report on the extent of their commitment in implementing the necessary precautions.


Article 32:
Establishments engaged in the production or importation of hazardous substances shall, when producing or importing such substances, observe the following conditions:

Firstly: Container specifications:
(A) The type of container in which these substances are placed must be suitable for the type of substance therein, tightly closed and difficult to damage.

(B) The capacity of the container must be easy to lift or transportation without exposing it to damage or harm.

(C) The inner lining of the container must be made of a material that is not affected by storage throughout the period when the substances contained therein are active.

Secondly: Container information:
(A) Contents of container, their active substance, and the degree of its concentration.

(B) Total and net weight.

(C) Name of producer, date of production and production number.

(D) Nature of danger and symptoms of toxicity.

(E) First aid procedures to be taken in case of exposure.

(F) Safe method of opening, emptying and using container.

(G) Safe storage method.

(H) Methods of disposal of empty containers.

All the information shall be written in Arabic in a style that is easy for an ordinary person to read and understand, and the words must be legible and prominently displayed on the container. They must be accompanied by diagrams indicating the method of opening, emptying, storing and disposing of the containers as well as by the international symbols for danger and toxicity.

Article 33:
The owner of an establishment whose activity results in hazardous waste pursuant to the provisions of these Executive Regulations shall be held to keep a register of such waste and the method of its disposal, as well as of the names of the parties contracted with to receive the said waste, as follows:

1) Name and address of the establishment.

2) Name and job title of the person responsible for filling in the register.

3) The period covered by the current data.

4) The special conditions issued for the establishment by the EEAA.

5) A list of the types and quantities of hazardous waste resulting from the establishment activity.

6) Method of disposal thereof.

7) The parties contracted with to receive the hazardous waste.

8) Date on which the form is filled.

9) Signature of the officer in charge.

The EEAA shall follow up the information in the register to ensure its conformity with reality.

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