The objective of this phase is to
develop, formulate and implement a practical pilot project
in the Chlorine component and thereby strengthen national
capacity and enhance knowledge and understanding amongst
decision making managers, the industry, and the public at
large on the hazardous substances and waste. Specifically
Phase 3 will:
• Raise the safety and protect the human health inside the
• Promote and issuing the principle to the integrated
handling of hazardous substances and disposal of hazardous
• By achieving this objective, Egypt will be prepared and
able to meet its obligations under the international
conventions as well as PIC Convention, POPs Conventions and
Phase three is divided into three main components as
a. Risk Reduction for Chlorine in Water Treatment Facilities
(Giza Governorate as a pilot project).
b. Risk Management for Industrial Zone (10th Ramadan).
c. Hazardous Waste Information and Management System (10th
a. Law No.4 for 1994 and its executive regulation:
The HSIMS is supporting EEAA to Lay down the criteria and
conditions which owners of projects and establishments must
observe before the start of construction and during the
operation of these projects, follow up the implementation of
international and regional conventions related to the
environment. Participate in preparing a plan to protect the
country from leakages of hazardous substances and waste
causing environmental pollution.
Assist EEAA to prepare a contingency plan to deal with
environmental disasters, which shall be approved by the
Cabinet. The contingency plan will concentrate on the
1. Gathering the available information at the national and
international levels as ways of confronting environmental
disasters and mitigating their harmful effects.
2. Identifying the resources available at the national,
regional and international levels and determining how they
can be deployed to ensure a swift response to the
disaster.(According to Article 25)
3. To enforce the forbidden of import hazardous waste or to
allow its introduction into or its passage through Egyptian
territories (According to Article 32).
4. Issue guidelines to those in charge of the production or
displacement of hazardous substances, whether in their
gaseous, liquid or solid states, to take all due precautions
to ensure the non occurrence of any environmental damage,
and shall be held in particular (According to Article 31).
b. Agenda 21 Chapter No. 19:
Environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals,
including prevention of illegal international traffic in
toxic and dangerous products, and this chapter includes six
programme areas as follows:
1. Expanding and accelerating international assessment of
2. Harmonization of classification and labelling of
3. Information exchange on toxic chemicals and chemical
4. Establishment of risk reduction programmes;
5. Strengthening of national capabilities and capacities
for management of chemicals;
6. Prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and
c. International Organization Conventions:
1. ILO Convention (No.170 For 1990,) Safety In The Use Of
Chemicals At Work
2. ILO Convention (No.174 For 1990), Prevention Of Major
Industrials Accidents And their Accompanying Recommendations
3. PIC Convention :The aim of the PIC Convention is to
prompt shared responsibility and cooperative efforts between
Egypt and the International Parties in the International
trade of certain hazardous substances in order to protect
human health and environment from potential hazard of
chemicals and to compute to there environmentally sound use,
by facilitating information exchange about their
Characteristics, by providing for a national the decision
making process on there import and export and by the
disseminating dissension stockholders. (Articles No. 3, 5,
6, 13, 14 and 16)
4. POPs Convention: The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
are organic compounds with Carbon as a main element (i.e.
carbon – based), also is a natural of anthropogenic origin
or artificial compound , and it has a physical and chemical
properties including the resistance of degradation in
environment (i.e. persistent), toxically, bioaccumulation,
also POPs are transported, through air, water and migratory
species, across international boundaries and deposited far
from their place of release where accumulate in terrestrial
and aquatic ecosystems and it's considered a dangerous
source on human health and environment. (Articles No. 5, 6,
7, 8, 9 and 10)
Objectives of the Convention:
- Protection of public health and environment.
- Addition of new chemicals
- Implementation aspects
The main targets control actions are:
- Intentionally produced POP's.
- Unintentionally produced POP's.
d. ISO 14001: Emergency Preparedness and Response:
Performance of environmental risk assessment procedures for:
1. Identification of potential accidents.
2. Response to this accident.
3. Prevention or mitigation of accidents
4. Establishing of emergency plans.