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  About the System

Phase 1   | Phase 2 | Phase 3
Phase1: Arabic Phase2: Arabic

PHASE 3: Integrated Management of
Hazardous Substances and Waste

PERIOD: 2.5 Years

COMPONENTS: 3 Components

The objective of this phase is to develop, formulate and implement a practical pilot project in the Chlorine component and thereby strengthen national capacity and enhance knowledge and understanding amongst decision making managers, the industry, and the public at large on the hazardous substances and waste. Specifically Phase 3 will:

Raise the safety and protect the human health inside the chlorine installations.

Promote and issuing the principle to the integrated handling of hazardous substances and disposal of hazardous waste.

By achieving this objective, Egypt will be prepared and able to meet its obligations under the international conventions as well as PIC Convention, POPs Conventions and ILO Convention.

The main outputs of this phase will be the implementation of the proposed activities for each component of the three components to:

Issue documents that summarizes information concerning the enforcement the environmental law 4/94.
To move from the operational level to political level.



Phase three is divided into three main components as follows:

a. Risk Reduction for Chlorine in Water Treatment Facilities (Giza Governorate as a pilot project).

b. Risk Management for Industrial Zone (10th Ramadan).

c. Hazardous Waste Information and Management System (10th Ramadan).

Legal Framework:

a. Law No.4 for 1994 and its executive regulation:

The HSIMS is supporting EEAA to Lay down the criteria and conditions which owners of projects and establishments must observe before the start of construction and during the operation of these projects, follow up the implementation of international and regional conventions related to the environment. Participate in preparing a plan to protect the country from leakages of hazardous substances and waste causing environmental pollution.

Assist EEAA to prepare a contingency plan to deal with environmental disasters, which shall be approved by the Cabinet. The contingency plan will concentrate on the following:

1. Gathering the available information at the national and international levels as ways of confronting environmental disasters and mitigating their harmful effects.

2. Identifying the resources available at the national, regional and international levels and determining how they can be deployed to ensure a swift response to the disaster.(According to Article 25)

3. To enforce the forbidden of import hazardous waste or to allow its introduction into or its passage through Egyptian territories (According to Article 32).

4. Issue guidelines to those in charge of the production or displacement of hazardous substances, whether in their gaseous, liquid or solid states, to take all due precautions to ensure the non occurrence of any environmental damage, and shall be held in particular (According to Article 31).

b. Agenda 21 Chapter No. 19:

Environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals, including prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products, and this chapter includes six programme areas as follows:

1. Expanding and accelerating international assessment of chemical risks;
2. Harmonization of classification and labelling of chemicals;
3. Information exchange on toxic chemicals and chemical risks.
4. Establishment of risk reduction programmes;
5. Strengthening of national capabilities and capacities for management of chemicals;
6. Prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products.

c. International Organization Conventions:

1. ILO Convention (No.170 For 1990,) Safety In The Use Of Chemicals At Work

2. ILO Convention (No.174 For 1990), Prevention Of Major Industrials Accidents And their Accompanying Recommendations (No.177&No.181)

3. PIC Convention :The aim of the PIC Convention is to prompt shared responsibility and cooperative efforts between Egypt and the International Parties in the International trade of certain hazardous substances in order to protect human health and environment from potential hazard of chemicals and to compute to there environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their Characteristics, by providing for a national the decision making process on there import and export and by the disseminating dissension stockholders. (Articles No. 3, 5, 6, 13, 14 and 16)

4. POPs Convention: The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds with Carbon as a main element (i.e. carbon based), also is a natural of anthropogenic origin or artificial compound , and it has a physical and chemical properties including the resistance of degradation in environment (i.e. persistent), toxically, bioaccumulation, also POPs are transported, through air, water and migratory species, across international boundaries and deposited far from their place of release where accumulate in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and it's considered a dangerous source on human health and environment. (Articles No. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10)

  Objectives of the Convention:
      - Protection of public health and environment.
  General Obligation:
      - Addition of new chemicals
      - Implementation aspects
  The main targets control actions are:
      - Intentionally produced POP's.
      - Unintentionally produced POP's.

d. ISO 14001: Emergency Preparedness and Response:

Performance of environmental risk assessment procedures for:
1. Identification of potential accidents.
2. Response to this accident.
3. Prevention or mitigation of accidents
4. Establishing of emergency plans.

This phase of EHSIMS project focuses on the following issues:
a. Safe handling of Chlorine cylinder capacity of 65 Kg and Chlorine drums of one ton capacity in water treatment facilities to minimize the risk on the workers and community and raise the safety measures.

b. Generalization of the risk analysis procedure to other industrial zones and to the potentially hazardous medium and small size industries over Egypt.
c. Development of an information system for the Hazardous Wastes management.

Phase 3 Reports