The rise in sea level threatens
Egypts long coastal stretch on the Mediterranean and the Red Sea with potential
damages to, not only the tourism industry, a major contributor to the Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), but also to the entire ecosystem. Predicted socioeconomic implications due
to human migration, land loss, and soil salinity cause significant concerns. With 95
percent of Egypt's fresh water needs supplied from the Nile River, the country's
vulnerability increases with any changes in rainfall patterns throughout the Nile Basin.
Climatic changes will also impact agricultural productivity and fisheries, thus
influencing the country's food supply.