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Environment 2007


The National Programme for Safe Use of Treated Sewage Water
for Afforestation

The promotion of a greener environment is one priority area where the Government of Egypt has been very actively involved through a number of relevant line ministries and competent organizations both governmental and non-governmental. Such activities aim at reducing the negative impacts of pollution and associated health hazards. Greening activities have been initiated and central nurseries have also been established. Moreover, tree planting activities and beautification activities are carried out in a number of cities and governorates.
And since the development of the necessary infrastructure for irrigation and water reuse is considered essential for ensuring the sustainability of any greening activity, continued efforts are being exerted in development of new innovative ideas for irrigation.

Within this context, Egypt is now witnessing a wide range of new projects aiming at expanding the green stretch in the desert by introducing forests plantation (man-made forests), making use of treated sewage water, to produce timber trees of the high economic value. This contributes to satisfying the local needs of Egypt in terms of wood and helps in recovering this vital resource. It also plays an important role in fixing sand dunes, combating drought and desertification, in protecting the soil from possible erosion and acts as windbreaks. Furthermore it preserves other natural resources such as water and biodiversity.

These projects, implemented by the Undersecretariat for Afforestation and Environment of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation in cooperation with the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, include forest plantations irrigated by treated sewage water and distributed in the following governorates:

  Governorate Forest Area
1

Ismailia

Sarabium

500 Feddans

2

Menoufia

Sadat

500 Feddans

3

Luxor

Luxor

1700 Feddans

4

Qena

Qena

500 Feddans

5

South Sinai

Tour Sinai

200 Feddans

6

Aswan

Edfu

300 Feddans

7

New Valley

Al-Kharga

400 Feddans

8

New Valley

Paris

200 Feddans

9

South Sinai

Sharm El-Sheikh

60 Feddans

10

Dakahlia

Gamasa

150 Feddans

11

Giza

Al-Saf

500 Feddans

12

Aswan

Blanna

1235 Feddans

13

Aswan

Nasr Alnoba

100 Feddans

14

Bani-Swief

Al-Wasta

500 Feddans

15

New Valley

Moot

700 Feddans

16

North Sinai

Arish

200 Feddans

17

Asyout

Asyout

40 Feddans

18

Sohag

West of Sohag

1000 Feddans

19

Sohag

East of Sohag

1000 Feddans

20

Red Sea

Hurgada

200 Feddans

21

South Sinai

Nouiba

200 Feddans

22

Suez

Atakka

400 Feddans

23

Aswan

Allaky Valley

550 Feddans

24

Alexandria

N9

60 Feddans

 

Total

11195 Feddan


Click on the Map for better viewing

Forests Map

Forests Map

Timber trees currently under plantation and irrigated by treated waste water in 2008
Governorate Plants discharge
(thousands m3\day)
Forests number Areas under plantation
(Feddan)

Minia

110

2

1400

Beni Suef

41

2

560

Assuit

223

4

4936

Sohag

416

6

3218

Qena

274

10

5070

Luxor

55

1

200

Red Sea

94

1

800

Matrouh

50

1

800

Total

27

16984

Source: Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development

A wide variety of trees of high economic value have been planted. Such species comprise Khaya (African Mahogany), Eucalyptus and Malberries, which are growing in the southern area of the valley, and adapting to the climatic conditions of this region. Also, there are Cupressus, Pinus, Neem, Eucalyptus and some other species of Acacia planted along Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, Ismailia and South Sinai to ensure attaining the best results.

Planting Jatropha in Egypt


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